Weekly Economic Review | January 16, 2024 | Stephens

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Weekly Economic Review | January 16, 2024

Jan 16, 2024

Economic Review

The Labor Department reported that initial jobless claims edged lower last week, indicating the turnover of temporary workers that follows the end of year holidays is normal. Data during this time of year is extremely noisy that is typical of the holiday season. First time claims in regular state programs decreased 1,000 to 202,000 from the prior week’s upwardly revised 203,000 for the week ending January 6th. The four-week moving average dropped to 207,750 from 208,000 the prior week. Continuing claims, which include people who have received unemployment benefits for a week or more, fell 34,000 to 1.834 million for the week ending December 30th.

The Federal Reserve reported consumer credit surged $23.8 billion in November after climbing $5.8 billion in October. This is the biggest increase in a year as holiday shoppers used credit cards to help finance their shopping. Credit card debt increased $19.1 billion to $1.315 trillion after climbing $2.9 billion the previous month. Auto and student loan debt increased $4.6 billion in November after climbing $2.8 billion in October. Total non-revolving credit climbed to $3.695 trillion. These figures are not adjusted for inflation.

The National Federation of Independent Business reported sentiment among small businesses increased in December, matching the highest level this year. The gain largely reflects less pessimism around sales, earnings trends and economic expectations. The index climbed to 91.9 in December from a 90.6 reading in November. Owners were less downbeat about the outlook for business conditions and only a net 4% expect lower sales in the next three months, the smallest share in nearly two years.

The Commerce Department reported the trade deficit edged lower in November as the value of both imported goods and exports declined. The deficit decreased to $63.2 billion in November from a deficit of $64.5 billion in October. Exports declined 1.9% to $253.7 billion and imports decreased 1.9% to $317.0 billion.

The Commerce Department reported wholesale inventories declined 0.2% in November to $896.2 billion. Year-on-year wholesale inventories have declined 3.0%. Wholesale trade sales remained unchanged in November after dropping 1.5% in October, with year-on-year sales up 0.5%. The ratio of inventory to sales decreased to 1.34 in November from 1.35 in October. The ratio was 1.41 in June.

The Labor Department reported the consumer price index rose above expectations in December, mainly from an increase in gasoline prices. Shelter, used car and apparel prices also came in moderately higher than expected. A still strong labor market continues to power consumer spending and the broader economy. The report underscores the choppy nature of getting inflation back in line, particularly in the service sector, which the Fed has zoned in on as the last mile in its inflation fight. Consumer prices increased 0.3% in December with the year-on-year change climbing to 3.4% from last month’s 3.1%. Service prices, which make up 62% of the index, gained 0.5% in December after gaining 0.5% in November. Prices of commodity based manufactured goods climbed 0.1% in December after falling 0.7% the prior month. The core CPI, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, gained 0.3% in December after increasing 0.3% the prior month. The year-on-year change in core CPI is 3.9%, still about twice as high as the Fed’s target rate of 2.0%.

The Treasury Department reported a budget deficit of $129.3 billion for the month of December with the government collecting $429.3 billion and spending $558.7 billion. This compares to a deficit of $85.0 billion a year earlier. The year-to-date deficit is $509.9 billion, which compares to a year-to-date deficit of $421.4 billion last year. December is the third month in the government’s fiscal year.

The Labor Department reported the producer price index unexpectedly declined in December for the third straight month. Wholesale prices fell 0.1% in December and November was revised to a decline of 0.1%. Year-on-year wholesale prices climbed 1.0% in December. The report signals that inflationary pressures at the wholesale level are largely subdued. Goods prices, which make up 31% of the weighting, declined 0.4% in December after falling 0.3% in November. Services, which make up 67% of the index, remain unchanged in December for the third straight month. The core PPI, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, were also unchanged in December after edging 0.1% higher in November, with a year-on-year gain of 1.8%. PPI ex food, energy and trade climbed 0.2% in December.

The Mortgage Bankers Association reported the MBA index of mortgage applications jumped last week, recouping much of the prior week’s decline. The index increased 9.9% for the week ending January 5thafter dropping 10.7% the prior week. Refinancing applications rose 18.8% to 425.4 from 358.2 the prior week. Home purchase mortgage applications increased 5.6% to 148.6. Refinancing made up 38.3% of applications with an average loan size of $274,100, while purchases average loan size was $402,900. The average contract rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage climbed to 6.81% from 6.76% last week.

BOND MARKET REVIEW

Rates fell last week after the producer price index data signaled inflationary pressures may be declining enough to allow the Fed to start lowering rates in March. Friday’s yields for the 2-, 5-, 10- & 30-year Treasury benchmarks securities closed at 4.14%, 3.83%, 3.94% and 4.18%. The 2yr/5yr, 5yr/10yr, 10yr/30yr and 2yr/30yr spreads closed at -31, 11, 24, and 4 basis points respectively.

Economic/Events Calendar

Tuesday

January 16

Jan Empire Manufacturing (-5.0)

7:30 Central

Wednesday

January 17

Jan 12th MBA Mortgage Applications

6:00 Central

Dec Retail Sales (0.4%)

7:30 Central

Dec Retail Sales Ex Auto & Gas (0.3%)

7:30 Central

Dec Import Price Index (-0.5%)

7:30 Central

Dec Import Price Index-YOY (-2.0%)

7:30 Central

Dec Import Price Index ex Petroleum (0.1%)

7:30 Central

Dec Industrial Production (-0.1%)

8:15 Central

Dec Capacity Utilization (78.7%)

8:15 Central

Nov Business Inventories (-0.1%)

9:00 Central

Jan NAHB Housing Market Index (39)

9:00 Central

Federal Reserve Releases Beige Book

13:00 Central

Thursday

January 18

Jan 13th Initial Jobless Claims (205k)

7:30 Central

Dec Housing Starts (1,425k)

7:30 Central

Dec Building Permits (1,477k)

7:30 Central

Friday

January 19

Jan University of Michigan Sentiment (70.0)

9:00 Central

Dec Existing Home Sales (3.83m)

9:00 Central

About the Expert

Troy Clark

Senior Vice President, Fixed Income Strategist, Fixed Income Sales & Trading

Mr. Clark has been in investment banking since 1983. He is a Chartered Financial Analyst. He has been a fixed income strategist at Stephens Inc. since 1996, developing investment strategies, policies and procedures for institutions consistent with overall asset/liability management.

Read full bio
Source: Bloomberg L.P.
  1. This report has been prepared solely for informative purposes as of its stated date and is not a solicitation, or an offer, to buy or sell any security. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the individual expressing the opinion and are subject to change. This report does not purport to be a complete description of the markets or developments referred to in the material. Information included in the report was obtained from internal and external sources which we consider reliable, but we have not independently verified such information and do not guarantee that it is accurate or complete. Prices, yields, and availability are subject to change with the market. There is no assurance any forward looking statements will be realized or any of the trends mentioned will continue. Nothing in this report is intended, or should be construed, as legal, accounting, regulatory or tax advice. Additional information available upon request. 2024 Stephens Inc., Member NYSE/SIPC.