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Market Trends

Weekly Economic Review | October 30, 2023

Oct 30, 2023

Economic Review

The Labor Department reported that initial jobless claims edged higher last week from very low levels, but continuing unemployment insurance claims surged indicating layoffs are low but workers are finding it increasingly difficult to find new jobs. Claims in regular state programs increased 10,000 to 210,000 from the prior week’s upwardly revised 200,000 for the week ending October 21st. The four-week moving average climbed to 207,500 from 206,250 the prior week. Continuing claims, which include people who have received unemployment benefits for a week or more, increased 63,000 to 1.790 million for the week ending October 14th.

The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago reported the pace of U.S. economic activity edged higher in September. The Chicago Fed National index, which draws on 85 economic indicators, was positive 0.02 in September after reporting a negative 0.22 in August. Production-related indicators recorded a positive 0.03, up from negative 0.10 in August. A reading above zero indicates above-trend-growth in the national economy.

The Commerce Department reported sales of new homes increased in September at the fastest pace since early 2022. A lack of listings in the resale market has pushed housing demand for new construction even as decades high mortgage rates and elevated housing prices make housing difficult. New home sales increased 12.3% to a 759,000 annualized pace in September after reporting an upwardly revised 676,000 pace the prior month. New home sales, which account for about 10% of the residential market, are accounted for when contracts are signed, which makes this data a more timely indicator than existing home transactions.

The initial estimate by the Commerce Department of the 3rd quarter gross domestic product indicated economic activity surged in the third quarter, driven by a jump in consumer spending. The gains come from a jump in spending on services, commodities and discretionary purchases of sporting equipment, airline travel, vacations and entertainment. Gross domestic product expanded at a 4.9% annualized rate in the 3rd quarter. Personal consumption, which accounts for about 70% of the economy, increased at a strong 4.0% annualized pace, up from 0.8% in the 2nd quarter. The core PCE deflator, which is closely watched by the Fed rose 2.4%. The GDP price index gained 3.5% in the 3rd quarter after 1.7% in the 2nd quarter, suggesting inflation is not yet contained.

The Commerce Department reported the goods trade deficit edged higher in September as both exports and imports increased. The deficit increased 1.1% to $85.8 billion in September. Exports climbed 2.9% to $174.0 billion and imports rose 2.4% to $259.8 billion.

The Commerce Department reported wholesale inventories remained unchanged in September after falling 0.1% the previous month. Year-on-year wholesale inventories are down 1.3%. Retail inventories increased 0.9% in September after gaining 1.1% in August and are up 5.6% year-on-year.

The Commerce Department reported durable goods orders rose more than expected in September with large gains in nondefense aircraft and capital goods orders. Durable goods, which are bookings for goods and materials meant to last at least three years, rose 4.7% in September after declining 0.1% in August. Excluding transportation, durable orders rose 0.5% in September after gaining 0.5% in August. The non-military capital goods orders excluding aircraft, a proxy for business investment, gained 0.6% in September after gaining 1.1% in August. The ratio of inventory to shipments rose to 1.85 in September from 1.84 the prior month.

The National Association of Realtors reported the index of pending home re-sales rose in September but remained near the lowest level on record. A surge in mortgage rates to around 8% is making it difficult to finance a home purchase. Sales climbed 1.1% in September after declining 7.1% in August. The combination or high mortgage rates and lack of housing inventory continues to be a major constraint to rising sales. Pending home sales are based on houses under contract as reported by over 100 multiple listing services and 60 large real estate brokers. A sale is listed as pending when a seller accepts a sales contract on a property. Pending sales are a leading indicator in the housing sector as they reflect contracts signed, as opposed to actual closed and final sales.

The Commerce Department reported personal spending rose a solid 0.4% in September and personal income increased 0.3%. Resilient household demand paired with a pickup in inflation underscores momentum heading into the fourth quarter. Spending was driven by purchases of both goods and services, including cars, medicine and travel. The spending was supported by the strength of the labor market, a record surge in household wealth at the start of the year and lingering pandemic era savings. The core PCE Deflator, the preferred inflation gauge by the Federal Reserve, climbed 0.3% in September, bringing the year-on-year gain to 3.7%. Disposable income, or the money left over after taxes, declined 0.1% in September.

The University of Michigan’s final index of consumer sentiment declined in October on inflation concerns as expectations for gas prices to climb a year from now. Concerns about global turmoil, climbing inflation, high financing costs, a cooling labor market and the resumption of student loan payments is taking a toll on sentiment. The gauge of consumer confidence decreased to 63.8 in October, which is higher than the earlier estimate of 63.0. This is lower than the 67.9 reading in September. The index of current conditions declined to 70.6 from 71.1 the prior month while the index of expectations fell to 59.3 from 65.8 the prior month. The final reading for 5-10 year inflation expectations, an inflation indicator closely watched by the Fed, increased to 3.0% in October from 2.8%. One year inflation expectations rose to 4.2% from 3.2%.

The Mortgage Bankers Association reported the MBA index of mortgage applications declined last week to its lowest level in almost three decades as mortgage rates increased for a seventh-straight week. The index decreased 1.0% for the week ending October 20th. Refinancing applications rose 1.8% to 354.0 from 347.6 the prior week. Home purchase mortgage applications decreased 2.2% to 127.0. Refinancing made up 31.4% of applications with an average loan size of $256,100, while purchases average loan size was $410,700. The average contract rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage climbed to 7.90% from 7.70% the prior week.

BOND MARKET REVIEW

Rates pulled back from lofty levels last week as more market watchers forecast a slowing economy. Friday’s yields for the 2-, 5-, 10- & 30-year Treasury benchmarks securities closed at 5.00%, 4.76%, 4.83% and 5.01%. The 2yr/5yr, 5yr/10yr, 10yr/30yr and 2yr/30yr spreads closed at -24, 7, 18, and 1 basis points respectively.

Economic/Events Calendar

Tuesday

October 31

3rd Qtr Employment Cost Index (1.0%)

7:30 Central

Aug FHFA House Price Index (0.5%)

8:00 Central

Aug S&P CoreLogic CS 20-City Index (0.75%)

8:00 Central

Oct Conf Board Consumer Confidence (100.5)

9:00 Central

Wednesday

November 1

Oct 27th MBA Mortgage Applications

6:00 Central

Oct ADP Employment Change (150k)

7:15 Central

Sep Construction Spending (0.4%)

9:00 Central

Sep JOLTS Job Openings (9,350k)

9:00 Central

Oct ISM Manufacturing (49.0)

9:00 Central

FOMC Rate Decision (5.25% to 5.50%)

13:00 Central

Interest on Reserve Balances Rate (5.40%)

13:00 Central

Thursday

November 2

Oct 28th Initial Jobless Claims (210k)

7:30 Central

3rd Qtr Nonfarm Productivity (4.3%)

7:30 Central

3rd Qtr Unit Labor Costs (0.5%)

7:30 Central

Sep Factory Orders (2.3%)

9:00 Central

Sep Factory Orders Ex Transportation

9:00 Central

Friday

November 3

Oct Change in Nonfarm Payrolls (180k)

7:30 Central

Oct Unemployment Rate (3.8%)

7:30 Central

Oct Avg Hourly Earnings-YOY (4.0%)

7:30 Central

Oct Labor Force Participation Rate (62.8%)

7:30 Central

Oct ISM Services Index (53.0)

9:00 Central

About the Expert

Troy Clark

Senior Vice President, Fixed Income Strategist, Fixed Income Sales & Trading

Mr. Clark has been in investment banking since 1983. He is a Chartered Financial Analyst. He has been a fixed income strategist at Stephens Inc. since 1996, developing investment strategies, policies and procedures for institutions consistent with overall asset/liability management.

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Source: Bloomberg L.P.
  1. This report has been prepared solely for informative purposes as of its stated date and is not a solicitation, or an offer, to buy or sell any security. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the individual expressing the opinion and are subject to change. This report does not purport to be a complete description of the markets or developments referred to in the material. Information included in the report was obtained from internal and external sources which we consider reliable, but we have not independently verified such information and do not guarantee that it is accurate or complete. Prices, yields, and availability are subject to change with the market. There is no assurance any forward looking statements will be realized or any of the trends mentioned will continue. Nothing in this report is intended, or should be construed, as legal, accounting, regulatory or tax advice. Additional information available upon request. 2023 Stephens Inc., Member NYSE/SIPC.