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Market Trends

Weekly Economic Review | September 18, 2023

Sep 18, 2023

Economic Review

The Labor Department reported that initial jobless claims edged higher this week from the lowest levels since February. Businesses continue to be reluctant to let go of workers they struggled to find over the last three years. While excess demand for labor has been dissipating, we have yet to see layoff activity pick up. Claims in regular state programs climbed 3,000 to 220,000 from the prior week’s upwardly revised 217,000 for the week ending September 9th. The four-week moving average declined to 224,500 from 229,500 the prior week. Continuing claims, which include people who have received unemployment benefits for a week or more, increased 4,000 to 1.688 million for the week ending September 2nd.

The National Federation of Independent Business reported sentiment among small businesses declined slightly in August as gasoline prices jumped and concerns about economic activity grew. The index declined to 91.3 in August from a 91.9 reading in July. Inflation has picked up for small businesses and there is still difficulty in hiring employees. Sentiment is still negative, but improving from very low levels.

The Labor Department reported the consumer price index rose in August by the most in over a year. A jump in gasoline prices, car insurance and prescription drugs accounted for the bulk of the increase. Even when stripping out energy and food prices, the core CPI accelerated on a monthly basis for the first time since February. The headline CPI for August was 0.6%. The year-on-year change in consumer prices is 3.7% in August. Service prices gained 0.4% in August after gaining 0.3% in July. Prices of commodity based manufactured goods rose 1.0% in August after declining 0.1% the prior month. The core CPI, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, gained 0.3% in August after increasing 0.2% the prior month. The year-on-year change in core CPI is 4.3%.

The Treasury Department reported a budget surplus of $89.3 billion for the month of August with the government collecting $283.1 billion and spending $193.9 billion. The surplus includes the impact from the $319 billion Debt Relief Reversal downward modification to the Department of Education Federal Direct Student Loans program. This compares to a deficit of $219.6 billion a year earlier. The August year-to-date budget deficit is $1,524 billion, which compares to a deficit of $945.7 billion in August of 2022. The fiscal year begins on October 1st.

The Commerce Department reported that retail sales jumped in August, continuing a string of three months of surprisingly strong consumer spending. Unlike June and July however, August month’s retail sales numbers were boosted by gasoline station sales. Outside of gasoline, spending was much more modest in August. Retail sales increased 0.6% in August after gaining a downwardly revised 0.5% the prior month. Momentum in the economy, especially from consumers, has been more persistent than expected at the start of the year. Retail sales represent roughly half of total consumption, while the other half captures spending on services. Retail sales ex autos and gas climbed 0.2% in August. The numbers in this report are not adjusted for inflation.

The Labor Department reported the producer price index climbed 0.7% in August, the biggest gain in more than a year. The jump was boosted by rising energy and transportations costs. The cost of gasoline surged 20% in August, accounting for much of the gain. Year-on-year wholesale prices climbed 1.6% in August. Goods prices, which make up 31% of the weighting gained 2.0% in August after climbing 0.3% in July. Services, which make up 67% of the index, climbed 0.2% in August after increasing 0.5% the prior month. The core PPI, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, rose 0.2% in August after increasing 0.4% the previous month, with a year-on-year gain of 2.2%. PPI ex food, energy and trade climbed 0.3% in August.

The Commerce Department reported business inventories remained unchanged in July after declining 0.1% in June. Business sales jumped 0.6% in July after declining 0.2% the prior month. The ratio of business inventories to sales declined to 1.39 in July from 1.40 in June.

The Labor Department reported the import price index increased 0.5% in August after climbing a downwardly adjusted 0.1% in July. The gain was entirely due to an increase in fuel prices. The cost of petroleum rose 6.5% in August after increasing 1.9% the prior month. Import prices are down 3.0% year-on-year. Import prices ex petroleum remained unchanged in August for the second straight month and declined 1.1% year-on-year.

The New York Federal Reserve reported the Empire State Manufacturing Index, which is one of the first signals for factory sector activity, unexpectedly expanded in September. Manufacturing has struggled this year as producers contend with weak export markets and efforts by companies to align inventories with sales. But this month’s new orders and shipments jumped to expansionary levels. The index recorded a positive 1.9 in September after a negative 19.0 reading in August. New orders recorded a positive 5.1 in September after a negative 19.9 reading in August and shipments increased to positive 12.4 after a negative 12.3 reading last month. Readings above zero signal expansion in New York, northern New Jersey, and southern Connecticut.

The Federal Reserve reported industrial production, which includes factory production, mines and utilities, increased by 0.4% in August after climbing 0.7% in July. The gains came primarily from defense, business equipment, machinery and electronics. There was a significant decline in motor vehicles and parts. Production at factories, which make up 74.3% of output, climbed 0.1% in August after increasing 0.4% the previous month. Utilities climbed 0.9% in August after surging 4.4% in July and mining gained 1.4% in August after falling 0.2% in July. Capacity utilization, which measures the amount of a plant that is in use, rose to 79.7% from an upwardly revised 79.5% in July.

The University of Michigan’s preliminary index of consumer sentiment declined in August to 67.7 from 69.5 in August. The positive news is that inflation expectations remain well anchored as higher gasoline prices did not pass through to expectations and consumers believe the slowdown in overall prices will continue. The long-term inflation expectations dropped to 2.7% in September from 3.0% the prior month. The one-year-ahead inflation expectations declined to 3.1% from 3.5% in August. The index of current conditions dropped to 69.8 from 75.7 the prior month while the index of expectations increased to 66.3 from 65.5.

The Mortgage Bankers Association reported the MBA index of mortgage applications declined last week as mortgage rates continue their climb. Housing affordability stands at a record low as limited inventory keeps home prices elevated and higher borrowing costs make mortgage payments difficult. The index declined 0.8% for the week ending September 8th. Refinancing applications fell 5.4% to 367.0 from 388.1 the prior week. Home purchase mortgage applications increased 1.3% to 143.7. Refinancing made up 29.1% of applications with an average loan size of $258,800, while purchases average loan size was $412,900. The average contract rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage climbed to 7.27% from 7.21% the prior week.

BOND MARKET REVIEW

Rates continued their march higher as the market braces for the FOMC meeting on Wednesday. Friday’s yields for the 2-, 5-, 10- & 30-year Treasury benchmarks securities closed at 5.03%, 4.46%, 4.33% and 4.42%. The 2yr/5yr, 5yr/10yr, 10yr/30yr and 2yr/30yr spreads closed at -57, -13, 9, and -61 basis points respectively.

Economic/Events Calendar

Monday

September 18

Sep NAHB Housing Market Index (49)

9:00 Central

Tuesday

September 19

Aug Housing Starts (1,439k)

7:30 Central

Aug Building Permits (1,440k)

7:30 Central

Wednesday

September 20

Sep 15th MBA Mortgage Applications

6:00 Central

FOMC Rate Decision (5.25%-5.50%)

13:00 Central

Interest on Reserve Balances Rate (5.40%)

13:00 Central

Thursday

September 21

Sep 16th Initial Jobless Claims (225k)

7:30 Central

2nd Qtr Current Account Balance (-$221.0b)

7:30 Central

Aug Existing Home Sales (4.10m)

9:00 Central

Aug Leading Index (-0.5%)

9:00 Central

About the Expert

Troy Clark

Senior Vice President, Fixed Income Strategist, Fixed Income Sales & Trading

Mr. Clark has been in investment banking since 1983. He is a Chartered Financial Analyst. He has been a fixed income strategist at Stephens Inc. since 1996, developing investment strategies, policies and procedures for institutions consistent with overall asset/liability management.

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Source: Bloomberg L.P.
  1. This report has been prepared solely for informative purposes as of its stated date and is not a solicitation, or an offer, to buy or sell any security. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the individual expressing the opinion and are subject to change. This report does not purport to be a complete description of the markets or developments referred to in the material. Information included in the report was obtained from internal and external sources which we consider reliable, but we have not independently verified such information and do not guarantee that it is accurate or complete. Prices, yields, and availability are subject to change with the market. There is no assurance any forward looking statements will be realized or any of the trends mentioned will continue. Nothing in this report is intended, or should be construed, as legal, accounting, regulatory or tax advice. Additional information available upon request. 2023 Stephens Inc., Member NYSE/SIPC.